A Drivers Guide to Safer Motor Sport
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Tires should be checked regularly. In regions with snow, such as UK or Germany, snow tires might be used for safety. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For nuclear safety, see Passive nuclear safety. Main article: Work-related road safety in the United States. See also: Active safety , Pre-crash system , and Collision avoidance system. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Automotive lighting. Cars portal. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved September Archived from the original on 23 December Pratt July Archived from the original on 2 December Retrieved 10 November The New Yorker.
Archived from the original PDF on Car Design Online. Archived from the original on BBC News. AAA Foundation. Bonnier Corporation. December Archived from the original PDF on October 8, Krause publications. Hearst Magazines. April Injury Prevention. Retrieved 25 October In Kutler, Stanley I. Dictionary of American History. Charles Scribner's Sons.
Signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson on 9 September , this act created the first mandatory federal safety standards for motor vehicles. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. March US Department of Transportation. Americans Held Hostage by the Environmentalist Movement.
Dorrance Publishing. Consumer Affairs. Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan. Retrieved 16 March Form, Function, and Fantasy - seventy years of Chrysler design. Automobile Quarterly. Business ethics. Retrieved 25 March USA Today : 6B. New York Times. December 10, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
Lochlann Cultural Anthropology. Archived from the original on July 4, Auto Express. Traffic Safety. Science Serving Society. Transportation Research Board. Archived from the original PDF on 9 March Journal of Public Health Policy. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. Robertson Injury Epidemiology book Third edition, pp. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on June 23, Federal Chancellery of Austria. The Hook. Archived from the original on 2 February Washington Post. Archived from the original on April 17, New Jersey Teen Driving".
Roads and Maritime Services. Excluded vehicles - vehicles listed under the list of Vehicles Excluded in the High powered vehicles notice below have turbo charged or supercharged engines for fuel efficiency improvements and therefore are not classified as high performance vehicles.
a drivers guide to safer motor sport Manual
Use the HPV check to find out if a vehicle manufactured in or later is a high-powered vehicle or download the EzyReg mobile app. High powered vehicle restrictions apply to vehicles that have been modified to increase engine performance. The following information may help to determine the type of modifications that may be included in this definition but may not be exhaustive and should not be taken as a precise interpretation of the law. Note: under no circumstances should any of the above be modified or replaced with parts or components unapproved by the vehicle manufacturer, unless it is deemed essential during routine maintenance or failure rectification, see examples below:.
There may be instances when something fails during the course of its operational life. In these instances the affected parts or systems will need to be modified. In these instances the affected part or system will need to be replaced. Your driving offence history, the availability of public transport and of other vehicles that may be available to you will be taken into account when determining your application.
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HPV , driver education , young driver , car safety. My car licence.
My motorcycle licence. My heavy vehicle licence. Parents and supervisors. Road rules. Safe driving tips. Cycling Laws. My car licence Driving is one of the riskiest daily activities that you'll do so preparing yourself and your vehicle is vital. My motorcycle licence Riding a motorcycle is enjoyed by people of all ages. On long, hot events you will need to guard against dehydration. Appendix 2 contains further suggestions regarding hydration and diet before an event. Clothing: As a general rule, buy equipment from recognised and reputable suppliers and, where there are national or international standards make sure everything meets them.
Criteria change so you need to keep up to date on the latest information. It is next to your skin so in a fire it is your last line of defence. For obvious reasons it should be flame resistant and man-made fibres other than those developed to provide fire protection e. Nomex , should be avoided because they could melt in a fire and stick to your skin.
Ladies need to remember that very few manufacturers make bras and panties of pure cotton so they will need to look very closely at garment labels when purchasing suitable underwear. You can get good protection for a modest cost. Keep overalls clean and take care to ensure that washing instructions are followed so that any protective treatments are not washed out. Always wear your own overalls. Do not rely on borrowed equipment. Keep your footwear clean and dry. Overshoes are useful in wet service areas and paddocks.
It is a good idea to have a thermal blanket in the car to protect you against the cold while on other events you may need to guard against sunburn. Waterproofs: Used them to protect against rain, keep in mind that some are less inflammable than others. Gloves should be flame resistant. Avoid leather because this tends to shrivel and go hard in a fire. If you are driving an open wheel race car your gloves need to be of a bright colour that contrasts with the car colours, this helps the starter see your signal clearly if you have any problems on the start grid.
See Appendix 3 for more information on clothing. Helmets: Take time to try on new helmets, get professional advice and buy the best you can afford. Full-face helmets give better protection against fire and facial injury than open ones. Ideally in this case there should be a detachable chin bar. Size is important: a helmet that does not fit snugly can easily rotate over the front of the head in an accident and come off, reducing the protection it provides to zero.
Never wear a helmet that is not your size or that needs any extra padding to make it fit. To check the size, wearing an FIA approved balaclava, position the helmet so that it sits low on your forehead; you should be able to see the edge of the brim at the extreme upper range of your vision. Adjust the retention system so that it will hold the helmet firmly in place and then try to remove the helmet without undoing it. If the helmet can shift over your eyes, it is too big; it should be very difficult to move it about in any direction and not possible without movement of your skin.
Basically, choose the smallest helmet you can bear, but without any particular pressure points or voids between head and helmet. Note: Although modifications for comfort with no effect on performance are generally allowed, before making any alteration to a car, it is best to check that the relevant technical regulations permit it.
How to become a rally driver (and why it's not as hard as you think)
Take time to sit in your car with all your race equipment on and attend closely to the following points;. When selecting a seat, look for: Strong tight fitting side support. Strong side shoulder support close to the driver. Strong side and rear headrests with FIA standard energy absorbing padding.
The lateral headrests should be as high and as close to the head as is practical for movement and vision. The seat squab should kick up in front of the buttocks but allow adequate room for the legs under the dash, bulkhead and steering wheel. A seat should only be used with the seat padding supplied by its manufacturer; excessive padding will diminish the protection provided by the seat and seat belts in an accident.
To identify these areas, sit in the car and kick forward and then outward. If there is anything that makes contact with the ankle, shin, or the leg, especially at the knee, it should be padded. If not it will cause pain in a shunt. Gear change; paddles behind the steering wheel are ideal, but in the case of an exposed shift lever, avoid radii smaller than 25mm on the top knob and pad the shaft with stiff foam or rubber as described above. If exposed, the gearshift lever mechanism should be protected by a smooth casing that will prevent the pivot point on the lever from injuring your thigh in a side impact.
Use a thick rubber cover over the mechanism that will leave the actual shift lever exposed but will protect the driver from the mechanism. Pad every tube of the roll cage closer than 50cm forwards and sideways of the head with stiff foam, which cannot be compressed with the fingers e. Note that although FIA Specification roll-bar padding may feel as hard as wood, it is only intended to be hit by the helmeted head, in an accident.
It has been scientifically developed to combine with the impact reducing properties of your helmet, to allow you to survive the kind of blow, which has severely injured or killed drivers in accidents in the past. Common foam rubber will do nothing to help in that situation, even if more comfortable for a light tap on the head. Pad the steering column and its bracket.
In single seaters, in particular, it is advisable to wear kneepads. These pads need to cover the outside of both knees and the inside of one knee. This protects the knees in a side impact and particularly the vulnerable upper part of the knee on the outer side of the leg which can even suffer in the constructed environment of a racing car cockpit regardless of accidents , as well as the outer, lower part of the knees. An important nerve passes close to this bone and is vulnerable to being damaged as well. Wearing proper kneepads also helps prevent the inside of the knees from striking and damaging each other injuring the upper inner part of the knee.
Kneepads can be the simple type that basketball players use or as sophisticated as those favoured by roller blade skaters and freestyle skateboarders. In single seaters this can also be achieved by putting padding on the inside of the tub and first bulkhead, and by using a seat with padded divider between the knees. Ankles can be protected using the same principle with padding inside the socks or padded boots. Elbow pads are also recommended, particularly in single seaters where the elbows can be subject to chronic irritation.
Another source of irritation is wearing flame resistant overalls without the mandatory long sleeved FIA approved underwear. Not wearing the long sleeve underwear lets the overall rub on the unprotected skin of the elbow.
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If temperatures in your cockpit are likely to be high, arrange for sufficient ventilation to cope with ambient temperature and humidity, giving equal attention to ensuring air can exit as well as enter the cockpit. Sunscreens on windows and fitting isolation against the heat from engine and exhaust will help. Above all, ensure your correct hydration during the event as explained in Appendix 2. It should be noted that the same studies indicated that not wearing FIA homologated fire resistant clothing had little effect in reducing core temperature — although it may be expected to have a considerable effect in raising it in case of fire.
Vehicle Switches, Gauges and Safety Controls: You need to be able to access all switches without stretching and so the time that your hands are off the steering wheel is at an absolute minimum. All the gauges should be visible and if possible situated so you only have to glance down keeping at least fifty percent of your vision still focused on the road or circuit ahead. Note: Ensure that the electrical isolator and onboard extinguisher switches are within easy reach when you are strapped into your seat. Supplementary Comfort If you are installing drinking bottles, radio equipment, mobile phones, video cameras or any other objects in the car, bear in mind that they can be lethal if not properly fixed, whether they come loose and lodge under the brake pedal for example, strike you or you strike them in a crash.
Fix them to withstand a 40g deceleration and, if hard or sharp, mount them well away from you. Light can blind the driver in some situations and can lead to accidents sun low in the sky or — in a 24 hours race — the headlights of following cars. A stripe in the upper part of the windscreen or tape in the rear window can prevent this. Safety Harnesses: It is important that your harnesses are maintained in good condition, clean and correctly adjusted at all times otherwise event scrutineers may recommend you can not compete. Whenever possible use a 6-point harness as the crotch straps prevent you sliding down and forward in the seat.
Keep each strap as short as possible by equalising the adjusters. Ensure that the belt anchorage points are installed on the car professionally to the latest guidelines from the manufacturer and MotorSport NZ. The lap belt should cross the pelvis not the abdomen: the outer edges should make contact with the bony prominence of the hips. When the shoulder belts are tightened they should not pull the lap belt off the pelvis onto the abdomen. This can usually be avoided by tightening the lap belt first and by making sure that the crotch straps are of the proper length.
It is important to keep the shoulder belt adjusters as low as possible but still on the lower tongues of the HANS device when one is used , away from the neck — severe injury is possible if they are badly located. The harness belts are designed to stretch to absorb the shock. Wear them as tight as possible whilst still breathing to avoid excessive forward movement in an impact. Leaving the crotch straps loose for example just increases the jolt when the slack has been taken up instead of absorbing it.
Belts only fail when previously damaged — check regularly for cuts or abrasions and replace if in any doubt. Bent hardware, incorrect anchoring or poor routing through seats or across seat edges cause problems. Know how to release your belts, remembering that you might well be upside down. Always renew the seat harness after an impact.
Windows Nets: Quickly detachable nets for the side windows of closed cars are obligatory in many disciplines and their value in saving hands and arms in a roll cannot be over-emphasised. An indication on the outside of the car of where to detach them is advisable. All Events: Know the rules for your particular event.
Refer to Appendix Four Flow chart for more details. If in doubt about any regulations ask the Competitor Relations Officer or Clerk of the Course for events where there is no Competitor Relations Officer appointed to explain the meanings to you. It also makes sense to know the law of the land such as the speed limits for towing trailers, the requirements for handling and storing race fuels and so on.
A high visibility offence can bring the sport into disrepute and, on a personal level, make it more difficult for you to find sponsors if you get bad publicity.
Online Booking for Driving Tests
In owning a competition car that you may wish to drive on public roads you need to obtain the vehicle requirements relating to obtaining an LVV Authority Card. This is a legal requirement to allow you to use your car in its rally trim on public roads. As with fitness trainers and diets, how you mentally prepare for an event is up to you. But however you prepare, it makes sense not to wear jewellery, earrings, necklaces or bracelets other than those carrying important medical information.
Decorative studs through lips and tongues for instance could interfere with some medical procedures, while studs in eyebrows could snag on helmets. Equally importantly under no circumstances compete while chewing gum — a potential killer if it gets stuck in the windpipe in an accident.